Organization of the commissural fibers in the adult brain of the locust
J Comp Neurol 332: 358-77
|Type of Publication:||Journal Articles 1976 - 2000|
The brain (supraoesophageal ganglion) is the most complex of the segmental ganglia composing the nerve cord of the locusts Schistocerca gregaria and Locusta migratoria. In this paper, we describe the ground plan of the commissures crossing the midline of the brain and propose a nomenclature with the aim of making a complex neuropil more understandable at the level of individual neurons. For developmental and comparative reasons the neuroarchitecture of the brain is related to the neural axis, not to the body axis. We have identified 73 commissural fiber bundles belonging to the adult brain, and these are named according to their location (ventral, dorsal, anterior, posterior, medial) with respect to the central complex as reference point. Reconstructions of identified neurons from intracellular stainings, cobalt backfills, or immunohistochemical studies demonstrate the various configurations in which fibers cross the brain.