Temporal resolution and temporal masking properties of transient stimuli: data and an auditory model
J Acoust Soc Am 105: 2746-56
|Type of Publication:||Journal Articles 1976 - 2000|
Temporal resolution is often measured using the detection of temporal gaps or signals in temporal gaps embedded in long-duration stimuli. In this study, psychoacoustical paradigms are developed for measuring the temporal encoding of transient stimuli. The stimuli consisted of very short pips which, in two experiments, contained a steady state portion. The carrier was high-pass filtered, dynamically compressed noise, refreshed for every stimulus presentation. The first experiment shows that, with these very short stimuli, gap detection thresholds are about the same as obtained in previous investigations. Experiments II and III show that, using the same stimuli, temporal-separation thresholds and duration-discrimination thresholds are better than gap-detection thresholds. Experiment IV investigates the significance of residual spectral cues for the listeners' performance. In experiment V, temporal separation thresholds were measured as a function of the signal-pip sensation level (SL) in both forward- and backward-masking conditions. The separation thresholds show a strong temporal asymmetry with good separation thresholds independent of signal-pip SL in backward-masking conditions and increasing separation thresholds with decreasing signal-pip SL in forward-masking conditions. A model of the auditory periphery is used to stimulate the gap-detection and temporal-separation thresholds quantitatively. By varying parameters like auditory-filter width and transduction time constants, the model provides some insight into how the peripheral auditory system may cope with temporal processing tasks and thus represents a more physiology-related complement to current models of temporal processing.